The View on Virtue and Vice by Sulṭān Walad: A Comprehension of Iblīs

The View on Virtue and Vice by Sulṭān Walad: A Comprehension of Iblīs

Sultan Veled’in Fazîlet ve Kötülük Anlayışı: İblis Üzerine Bir Değerlendirme

Kie Inoue*

ABSTRACT

This article aims to reveal the Sulṭān Walad’s practical thought as a spiritual master and administrator of the Mevlevī order, examining his opinion about Iblīs (Satan). Basically, his writings were intended to preserve and transmit the tradition of his father, Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī, to future generation of the Mevlevī order. A lot of his interpretative works confirm that he puts the highest priority on further comprehension of Rūmī’s thought. Therefore, it is expected that Sulṭān Walad’s works are based on the thoughts of his father Rūmī and his original mind is more or less restrained. However, unexpectedly, his arguments about Iblīs shows clear distinction from his father’s thoughts. This article focuses on their opinions on Iblīs, analyzing their differences on their theory of vice and virtue. From Sulṭān Walad’s attitude toward Iblīs, we could observe that he considered carefully on vice and virtue as a spiritual master and administrator of the Mevlevī order. Not only did Sulṭān Walad inherit his father’s thought, but he tried to reshape his father’s legacy adjusting to the reality of the order.

Keywords: Sulṭān Walad, Mevlevī order, Iblīs (Satan), Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī, Sufism

 

The View On Virtue And Vice By Sul%E1%B9%ADan Walad A Comprehension Of Iblis